The purpose behind building the road was to link together the remote provinces of his vast empire for administrative and military reasons. [3][19] Because of his valour, Bahar Khan rewarded him the title Sher Khan (Lion Lord). [22][23], The Muslim women of Chanderi, which Sher Shah had taken under his rule, came to him and accused Puran Mal of killing their husbands and enslaving their daughters. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India.The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. The ulema issued a fatwa declaring that Puran Mal deserved death. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. After one month of skirmishing, Sher Shah's position became critical owing to the difficulties of food supplies for his huge army. But he was feeling the need for more conquests to make his kingdom safe and free from dangers. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. If you be slain you become a martyr, if you live you become a ghazi. [30], Sher Shah was killed on 22 May 1545 during the siege of Kalinjar fort in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur, who started out as a horse trader, became a landlord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area (present-day Haryana), representing his patron Jamal Khan Lodi Sarangkhani, who assigned him a few villages in Hissar. He was a distant kinsman to Babur's brother-in-law, Mir Shah Jamal, who remained loyal to Humayun. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II By Satish Chandra pg.80. To resolve this situation, Sher Shah resorted to a cunning ploy. Jamal Khan had advised Farid to return home but he refused. He then went on to conquer Malwa in 1542; Raisin, Multan and Sindh in 1543; and Marwar and Mewar in 1544. [3], Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. Specially Sher Khan was not an angel (malak) but a king (malik). Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. In this seven years of his reign he never lost a battle. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. It led to an explosion in which Sher Shah was seriously burnt. Sher Shah Suri L … Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. He also built a new city Bhera of Pakistan in 1545. In 1542, Sher Shah conquered Malwa without a fight and Qadir Shah fled to Gujarat. Upon seeing this, Puran Mal beheaded his wife and ordered the other Rajputs to kill their families too. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Book Name: Sher Shah Suri Novel Writer: Muhammad Aslam Rahi MA Description: Aslam Rahi MA is the author of the book Sher Shah Suri Novel Pdf. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Shaikh Nizam[who? They threatened to denounce Sher Shah on the Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them. He then appointed Shuja'at Khan as the governor of Malwa who reorganised the administration and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa's government. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. After the death of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan became the regent ruler of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. 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